How to include graphics in latex

how to include graphics in latex

Include the graphicx package in your LaTeX file with \usepackage{graphicx}. Use the \includegraphics command with the name of the graphic file foo without extension. By doing so each of latex and pdflatex will choose the correct version of the file to be included, i.e., latex will use and pdflatex will use (or, or whatever graphic format you have chosen). The black box is your figure. Now try with these dimesions: \includegraphics [width=10cm,height=10cm,keepaspectratio] {Figure1} This is the dimension you should see: The above assumes that your figure file is in the same folder as your tex file.

It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. But what in case if file is at another place, how will I give the path to it, how will I center it and how can I add text to it? General advice: place all graphics file in a 'pictures' subdirectory directly under your path.

You can then load the files using. Using the Dot-Notation you can also use directories above. I would not recommend you to separate the TeX files and the graphics files completely. Having everything together makes moving the document directory much easier. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

Stack Overflow for Teams — Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group. Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. Asked 8 years ago. Active 8 years ago. Viewed 20k times. How can we define the path if our file is at another place? Improve this question. Speravir 18k 13 13 gold badges 70 70 silver badges bronze badges. Gurpreet Gurpreet 2 2 gold badges 3 3 silver badges 7 7 bronze badges.

Related no duplicate : How to include graphics with spaces in their path? Add a comment. Active Oldest Votes. For the sake of synchronizing our mind, lets assume: the main input file is in a folder named Current for examplethe folder Current is in a folder named Parenta folder named diagrams containing diagrams is also in the folder Parenta folder named photos containing photos is in the folder Current. The remaining should be clear. Improve this answer. Uwe Ziegenhagen Uwe Ziegenhagen If you want to go three levels up, how do you do I don't remember where, but I have seen both how to get a new cpr card of doing it, and just don't know which one does TeX uses.

Somehow, I got it by doing one thing, defining path name and then giving file name and its extension. How to say happy easter in greek, Thank you very much. Holene Holene 6, 5 5 gold badges 32 32 silver badges 65 65 bronze badges.

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General advice: place all graphics file in a 'pictures' subdirectory directly under your path. You can then load the files using \includegraphics{./pictures/datingescortusa.comion} Using the Dot-Notation you can also use directories above. Use your text editor to open the file that you created in the preceding example, and add the command " \includegraphics {} " just before the " \end {document} " statement. Save your file, run " latex test ", " dvips test ", and " ghostview & " to preview the result on the screen. To use the graphics package, as usual, you need to include the following statement in the preamble of your LaTeX document. \usepackage{graphics} If you have an image in eps format named, say, in a location accesible to your LaTeX typsetter, then the simplest way to include the image in your document is to put the following statement at the place you want the image to appear in your .

Images are essential elements in most of the scientific documents. L a T e X provides several options to handle images and make them look exactly what you need. In this article is explained how to include images in the most common formats, how to shrink, enlarge and rotate them, and how to reference them within your document. Latex can not manage images by itself, so we need to use the graphicx package. Here universe is the name of the file containing the image without the extension, then universe.

PNG becomes universe. The file name of the image should not contain white spaces nor multiple dots. Note: The file extension is allowed to be included, but it's a good idea to omit it. If the file extension is omitted it will prompt LaTeX to search for all the supported formats. For more details see the section about generating high resolution and low resolution images.

Open an example in Overleaf. When working on a document which includes several images it's possible to keep those images in one or more separated folders so that your project is more organised.

The path is relative to the current working directory - so, the compiler will look for the file in the same folder as the code where the image is included. The path to the folder is relative by default, if there is no initial directory specified, for instance. This is a typically straightforward way to reach the graphics folder within a file tree, but can leads to complications when.

Then, the compiler may end up looking for the images folder in the wrong place. Thus, it is best practice to specify the graphics path to be relative to the main.

The path can also be absolute , if the exact location of the file on your system is specified. For example, if you were working on a local LaTeX installation on your own computer:. You can also set multiple paths if the images are saved in more than one folder. For instance, if there are two folders named images1 and images2 , use the command.

If we want to further specify how L a T e X should include our image in the document length, height, etc , we can pass those settings in the following format:. You can use different units for these parameters. If only the width parameter is passed, the height will be scaled to keep the aspect ratio. The length units can also be relative to some elements in document. If you want, for instance, make a picture the same width as the text:. See the reference guide for a further description of these units.

There is another common option when including a picture within your document, to rotate it. This can easily accomplished in L a T e X :. To rotate the picture clockwise use a negative number. In the previous section was explained how to include images in your document, but the combination of text and images may not look as we expected.

To change this we need to introduce a new environment. The figure environment is used to display pictures as floating elements within the document.

This means you include the picture inside the figure environment and you don't have to worry about it's placement, L a T e X will position it in a such way that it fits the flow of the document. Anyway, sometimes we need to have more control on the way the figures are displayed. An additional parameter can be passed to determine the figure positioning. Below a table to list the possible positioning values. In the next example you can see a picture at the t op of the document, despite being declared below the text.

The default alignment is left. It's also possible to wrap the text around a figure. When the document contains small pictures this makes it look better. For the commands in the example to work, you have to import the package wrapfig.

Notice that the environment has two additional parameters enclosed in braces. Below the code is explained with more detail:. For a more complete article about image positioning see Positioning images and tables. Captioning images to add a brief description and labelling them for further reference are two important tools when working on a lengthy text. The placement of the caption depends on where you place the command; if it'a above the includegraphics then the caption will be on top of it, if it's below then the caption will also be set below the figure.

Captions can also be placed right after the figures. The sidecap package uses similar code to the one in the previous example to accomplish this.

You can do a more advanced management of the caption formatting. Check the further reading section for references. Figures, just as many other elements in a L a T e X document equations, tables, plots, etc can be referenced within the text. This is very easy, just add a label to the figure or SCfigure environment, then later use that label to refer the picture.

Another great characteristic in a L a T e X document is the ability to automatically generate a list of figures. This is straightforward. This command only works on captioned figures, since it uses the caption in the table. The example above lists the images in this article. Important Note: When using cross-references your L a T e X project must be compiled twice, otherwise the references, the page references and the table of figures won't work. However, that is not necessary, though it is often useful.

If the file extension is omitted, LaTeX will search for any supported image format in that directory, and will search for various extensions in the default order which can be modified. This is useful in switching between development and production environments. Thus, if we have two versions of an image, venndiagram.

The command above will ensure that if two files are encountered with the same base name but different extensions for example venndiagram.

Once the report has been developed, to use the high-resolution. Improving on the technique described in the previous paragraphs, we can also instruct L a T e X to generate low-resolution. If venndiagram2. The command convert 1 is responsible for the conversion and additional parameters may be passed between convert and 1.

For example - convert -density 1. L a T e X units and legths. About image types in L a T e X. Open an example of the pgfplots package in Overleaf. No Search Results. Inserting Images. Also offers a rather large help documentation.

In the next example the figure will be positioned right below this sentence. In this picture you can see a bar graph that shows the results of a survey which involved some important data studied as time passed. For instance, if you want to see the mesh of a function so it easier to see the derivative you can use a plot like the one on the left. On the other side, if you are only interested on certain values you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, you can use the contour plot, like the one on the left.

Place the float here , i. Places the float at precisely the location in the L a T e X code. Requires the float package, though may cause problems occasionally. This is somewhat equivalent to h!


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