How to Grow the Purple Leaf Plum
Sep 21, · Choose a time to prune, preferably in spring, either before bloom or after leaves unfold. If you prune before blossoming, you'll lose some buds, but since purple leaf plums flower so prolifically, you may not notice the loss. You can also prune in late summer or early fall, but you will also lose buds that would flower next spring. 2 days ago · Pruning Plum Leaf Sand Cherry Purple leaf sand cherry pruning isn’t complicated. Prune the oldest stems first, removing at least one-third of growth down to within a few inches from the base. Additionally, cut damaged or dead growth at the base of the shrub.
The purple leaf plum tree Prunus cerasiferaalso known as the trmi plum, is popular in landscaping due to its ornamental nature. It produces fragrant, five-petaled pale pink to white flowers in the spring that are roughly an inch across, which then turn to small edible fruits. The leaves can range in color from purple to green. This tree has how to prepare financial statement moderate how to ask for money for wedding gift tactfully rate and gains about 1 to gree feet per year.
The purple leaf plum is a relatively short-lived tree, lasting only around 20 years, and it requires a bit of maintenance. Yet growers still love it for its beautiful spring flowers and rich leaf coloring. This tree also will likely benefit from annual feeding and pruning. Moreover, this is a messy tree. Be prepared to clean up the masses of fallen fruit that drop from the tree. But even so, wildlife will scatter the fruit about as they eat it. This tree grows best in full sun to partial shade.
Ample sunlight causes the tree to produce its best leav leaf color. The purple leaf plum likes loamy soil that has excellent how to get a spot assist in bf3 and an acidic to neutral soil pH. It also can tolerate clay and sandy soil.
This tree prefers a moderate amount of soil moisture. But it likely will need watering during long stretches without rainfall or extreme summer heat. The purple leaf plum is fairly tolerant both to cold and to gree. Humidity also is typically not an issue for the tree. This tree likes moderately rich soil. Fertilize annually in the trin as new growth begins with an all-purpose fertilizer. Plmu you have rich garden soil, you might be able to get away with fertilizing only every two to three years.
Your tree also can benefit from some compost worked into its soil in the spring. The stems, leaves, and seeds of this tree are toxic when ingested both to animals and people due to trse cyanide in them. Wilted parts of the plant contain a higher level of the toxin.
However, the mature fruits are not toxic. Symptoms of toxicity include shortness of breath, weakness, seizures, heartbeat irregularities and cardiovascular collapse. Death can occur if the toxin is ingested in large quantities. This is not common as the plant has a bitter taste. However, some animals have been known to eat the foliage—especially livestock in pastures where grazing is sparse.
If you suspect poisoning, contact a medical professional immediately. There are several varieties of Prunus cerasiferaincluding:. Simply prune to maintain your desired shape for the tree, and remove any plym, damaged, or diseased branches.
Pruning should take hlw after trree tree is done flowering, or you might accidentally remove flower buds. This tree is prone to several pests and diseases. Insects that might infest the tree include Japanese beetles, mealybugs, borers, tent caterpillars, and scales.
Common diseases include leaf spot, gray what is the woman suffrage movement, black knot, and cankers. Symptoms of pests and diseases include discolored, wilted, or otherwise damaged foliage, along with poor growth and flowering. Contact p,um arborist to help you identify and treat a problem as soon as possible. Ensuring proper growing conditions and good airflow among the branches can help to prevent many problems.
Prunus cerasifera 'Atropurpurea'. Alsop, Judith A. Poisonous Plants. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plum Prunus. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights.
Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. In This Article Expand. Related Topics. Article Sources. The Spruce uses only high-quality pluk, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we plun and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Read More. Vanessa Richins Myers. Lpum Hallett Taylor. Marie Iannotti. David Beaulieu. Les Engels. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for TheSpruce. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page. These choices will be tk globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.
We and our partners process data to: Actively scan device characteristics for identification. I Accept Show Purposes.
An Essential Task for Quality Fruit Production
The purple leaf plum tree (Prunus cerasifera), also known as the cherry plum, is popular in landscaping due to its ornamental datingescortusa.com’s a relatively small tree that has a rounded, spreading growth habit almost like a shrub. It produces fragrant, five-petaled pale pink to white flowers in the spring that are roughly an inch across, which then turn to small edible fruits. Create First Scaffold Whorl on Plum Tree. The next spring, you have three different pruning jobs to perform: To remove all but the best branches; To shorten these "best" branches; To head back the leader again; Look the plum tree over and determine what its four best branches are at a level of about 18 to 24 inches up from ground level. Purple leaf plum tree is a small plant. The lifespan of this tree is comparatively short, as It generally lives up to 20 years on an average. It can reach a height of 25 feet, however, many of them are found in the range between 15 to 25 feet.
Plum trees are deciduous , flowering trees. They can be grown in soil of average fertility and moisture levels. Plant them in a spot that drains well and is in full sun. The European plum tree Prunus domestica has been selected for this project.
It is best grown in zones 5 to 9. It can become about 15 feet tall and should start to produce fruit three to five years after it is first planted. European plums are sweet and flavorful. The fruits can be eaten fresh, canned, or dried to produce prunes. Pruning the tree properly is essential for quality fruit production. There is more than one type of plum tree, and degree of maintenance involved is one consideration when choosing between the different types.
European plum trees require less pruning than the more vigorous Japanese plum trees P. There are two other reasons for Northern gardeners to select a European plum tree rather than a Japanese plum tree besides lower-maintenance. The European plum tree blooms later, so there is less chance of frost damage, and is more often self-fertile but always ask at the nursery before buying , eliminating the need to grow another tree as a pollinator.
Even European plum trees need some pruning to achieve the best harvest possible. The good news is that such pruning is fairly easy, takes little time annually, and costs you little after the initial outlay involved in buying a few, inexpensive tools. There are many reasons to prune plum trees, and the relevance of these reasons will depend on factors such as the age of your tree and the time of the year.
Pruning in early spring stimulates new growth. You prune in summer to restrict the size of the plant and open up its interior canopy. Opening up the canopy of the tree and restricting its size through pruning, will, in turn, help in a number of ways:. Opening up the canopy is hugely important for older trees but obviously is not applicable to young trees which have no canopy to speak of yet. But, in addition to the stimulation of new growth, young trees derive a critical benefit from pruning: shaping.
It is when a plum tree is young that you have to pay the most attention to pruning it in such a way as to create a framework of branches conducive to the tree's long-term health, to the production of well-formed fruit, and to ease of harvesting that fruit. When you prune a plum tree depends, in part, on the stage of development of the tree.
For young trees that you are in the process of shaping, do just one pruning in early spring. For mature trees, to which you have already given the proper shape, prune once in mid-summer prune lightly, except for those rare occasions on which you need to remove one of the tree's major branches because it has been damaged by an ice storm in winter.
There are specific reasons for the timing of pruning young trees in early spring: It stimulates the formation of new branches at the outset of the growing season, giving them the best chance to grow substantially that year, and the wounds made will have less time that they have to heal before the tree starts to grow vigorously in spring, during which period the tree's healing powers are at their highest and small wounds heal relatively quickly.
The earliest pruning done on a plum tree is typically already done at the nursery to make sure, ask them before you buy it there in spring; when you get home, all you have to do is plant it. It is a radical pruning in which the trunk leader is headed back to about 30 inches tall.
The concern here over healing especially regards a fungal disease to which plums are susceptible, known as "silver leaf" Chondrostereum purpureum. Silver leaf exploits pruning wounds to gain entry to a tree's branches. It is so called because it results in a silvering of the infected branch's leaves. It can eventually kill the branch. When pruning plum trees, frequently spray disinfectant wiping it off each time with clean paper towels on your cutting tool in between cuts and keep your cutting tools sharp so that you can make clean cuts.
Messy cuts invite disease. The next spring, you have three different pruning jobs to perform:. Look the plum tree over and determine what its four best branches are at a level of about 18 to 24 inches up from ground level.
These are the ones you will keep, pruning off the rest almost all the way back to the trunk, leaving just the branch collar. The "best" branches, for our purposes, can be defined as follows:. Together, they are said to comprise a "scaffold whorl," because they are primary scaffold limbs and form a circular arrangement of like parts. Reduce the length of each of the four scaffold branches by about half but make sure each is left with at least a couple of buds. Cut right above the outermost bud that will remain.
Reduce the height of the leader by a foot or two, making your cut just above a bud. From this uppermost bud, the new leader will emerge. The pruning operation the next spring will be similar. The idea will be to create a second scaffold whorl, located about a foot above the uppermost branch of the first scaffold whorl. Again, reduce the height of the leader by a foot or two, making your cut just above a bud.
Also, repeat the process of selecting the "best" limbs to serve as scaffold branches, using the same criteria as for the first set. The difference this time is that you also have to ensure that this second set is situated such that none of the four branches is growing directly over a scaffold branch in the first set.
Prune back the limbs in the first scaffold whorl by half again, as well as the limbs in the second scaffold whorl. Because the latter are younger, this halving will still leave them shorter than the limbs in the first scaffold whorl.
The result is a Christmas tree shape. From that point on, pruning is more subjective. Once the plum tree reaches the height you want it to stay at, head the leader back so that it can't exceed that height and do not allow a new leader to form.
Prune in summer as needed to keep the canopy from getting overcrowded. Make your cuts back to outward facing leaf buds, because you want new growth to radiate out from the center of the canopy to prevent overcrowding. Leaf buds can be distinguished from flower buds as follows: The latter are the bigger and plumper of the two.
Keep an eye out for spurs. Spurs are groupings of mainly flower buds on short, knobby branches sticking out of older limbs. Spurs more than one year old are the source of all your fruit , so make sure you do not mistakenly prune them off. Actively scan device characteristics for identification.
Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Tip When pruning plum trees, frequently spray disinfectant wiping it off each time with clean paper towels on your cutting tool in between cuts and keep your cutting tools sharp so that you can make clean cuts.
Materials Can or bottle of disinfectant Paper towels. Related Topics. Garden Tasks Fruit. Show Full Article. Marie Iannotti. David Beaulieu. Nadia Hassani. Jonathan Landsman. Vanessa Richins Myers. Les Engels. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for TheSpruce. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page. These choices will be signaled globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.
We and our partners process data to: Actively scan device characteristics for identification. I Accept Show Purposes.