The Flags That Make Up the Union Jack
Aug 04, · On the British Union Jack flag, white represents peace and honesty; red represents hardiness, bravery, strength and valor; and blue represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance and justice. The term "Union Jack" refers to the flag being a union between three national flags. A "jack" is a small flag flown on a ship's bowsprit, which was the. Jan 15, · The Union Flag, or Union Jack, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. It is so called because it combines the crosses of the three countries united under one Sovereign - the kingdoms of England and Wales, of Scotland and of Ireland (although since only Northern Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom).
Though no law has been passed officially making the Union Jack the national flag of the United Kingdom, it has effectively become the national flag through precedent. The flag has official status in Canadaby parliamentary resolution, where it is known as the Royal Union Flag.
The Union Flag also appears in the canton upper flagstaff-side quarter of the flags of several nations and territories that are former British possessions or dominionsas well as the state flag of Hawaii.
The claim that the term Union Jack properly refers only to naval usage has been disputed, following historical investigations by jqck Flag Institute in The origins of the earlier flag of Great Britain date back to King James VI of Scotland had inherited the English and Irish thrones in as James I, repressent uniting the crowns of EnglandScotlandand Ireland in a personal unionalthough the three kingdoms remained separate states.
On 12 Aprila new flag to represent this regal union between England and Scotland was specified in a royal decree, according to which the flag of Englanda red cross on a white background, known as St George's Crossand the flag of Scotlanda white saltire X-shaped cross, or St Andrew's Cross on a blue background, would be joined, forming the flag of England and Scotland for maritime purposes.
The present design of the Union Flag dates from a Royal proclamation following the union of Great Britain and Ireland in There whwt no symbols representing Wales in the flag, making Wales the only home nation with no representation. However, the Welsh Dragon how to train your dragon games for android adopted in the coat of arms of the ruling Tudor dynasty. The terms Union Jack and Union Flag are both used historically for describing the national flag of the United Kingdom.
Whether the term Union Jack applies only when used reprewent a jack flag on a ship is a unionn of debate. According to the Parliament of the United Kingdom :   "Until the early 17th century England and Scotland jafk two entirely independent kingdoms Wales had been annexed into The Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts and This changed dramatically in on the death of Elizabeth I of England. Because the Queen died unmarried and childless, the English crown passed to the next available heir, her cousin James VI, King of Scotland.
England and Scotland now shared the same monarch under what was known as a union of the crowns. According to the Flag Institutea membership-run vexillological charity,  "the national flag of the United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories is the Union Flag, which may also be called the Union Jack.
From early in its life the Admiralty itself frequently referred to the flag as the Union Jack, whatever its use, and in an Admiralty circular announced that Their Lordships had represeent that either name could be used officially.
Ina government minister stated, in response to a parliamentary question, that "the Union Jack should be regarded as the National flag". Notwithstanding Their Lordships' circular ofby the Admiralty described the "Union Flag" and added in a footnote that 'A Jack is a Flag to be flown only on the "Jack" Staff'. Andrew and St. George of the Third, fimbriated as the Saltire When the first flag representing Britain was introduced on the proclamation of King James I in it became known simply as the "British flag" or the "flag of Britain".
The royal proclamation gave no distinctive name to the new flag. The word "jack" was in use before to describe the maritime bow flag. One theory goes that for some years it would have been called just the "Jack", or "Jack flag", or the "King's Jack", but bywhile formally referred to as "His Majesty's Jack", it was commonly called the "Union Jack", and this was officially acknowledged. A proclamation issued by King George III at the time of the Union of concerned flags at sea and repeatedly referred to "Ensigns, Flags, Jacks, and Pendants" and forbade merchant vessels from wearing "Our Jack, commonly called the Union Jack" nor any pendants or colours used by the King's ships.
The size and power of the Royal Navy internationally at the time could also explain why the flag was named the "Union Jack"; considering the navy was so widely utilised and renowned by the United Kingdom and coloniesit is possible that the term jack occurred because of its regular use on all British ships using the jackstaff a flag pole attached to the bow of a ship.
The term Union Jack possibly dates from Queen Anne's time r. It may come from the 'jack-et' of the English or Scottish soldiers, or from the name of James I who originated the first union in Even if the term "Union Jack" does derive from the jack flag, after three centuries, it is now sanctioned by use and has appeared in official use, confirmed as the national flag by Parliament and remains the popular term.
The Jack — A small how to trim a purple leaf plum tree worn on a jackstaff on the stem of Naval Vessels.
The Royal Navy wears the Union Flag This is the only occasion when it correct to describe the flag as the Union Jack". In the Reed's Nautical Almanacthe jck entry where this might appear, section 5. Within the Almanacneither the Union Flag nor the Union Jack are included pictorially or mentioned by name.
For comparison with another anglophone country with a large navy, the Jack of the United States specifically refers to the flag flown from the jackstaff of a warship, auxiliary or other U. The Butcher's Apron is a pejorative term for the flag, common among Irish republicans uniin, citing the blood-streaked appearance of the flag and referring to atrocities committed in Ireland and other countries under British colonial rule.
It was later blamed on the actions of a researcher, who resigned yet claimed that the comment had been approved by White. The current flag's design has been in use since Patrick quartered per saltire counter changed argent and gules; the latter fimbriated of the second [viz. George of the third [viz. The Union Jack is normally twice as long as it is tall, a ratio of In the United Kingdom, land flags are normally a ratio of ; the Union Jack can also be made in this shape, but is for most purposes.
InMP Andrew Rosindell proposed a Ten Minute Rule bill to standardise the design how to make a slayer mask the flag atbut the bill did xoes proceed past the first reading. Flags that have the Union Jack in the canton should always be to preserve the square fly area. The crosses and fimbriations retain repressent thickness relative to the flag's height ddoes they are shown with a ratio of or The Admiralty in settled all official flags at proportions ofbut the relative widths of the crosses remained unspecified, with the above conventions becoming standardised in the 20th century.
The colour specifications for the colours Union Jack royal blue, Union Flag red and white are: . Although the colour schemes are official, not all of the colours are completely congruent. This is due to different specifications for different types of media for example, screen and print. The flag does not have reflection symmetry due to what does the union jack represent slight pinwheeling of the St Patrick's and St Andrew's crosses, technically the counterchange of saltires.
Thus, there is a correct side up. The original specification of the Union Flag in the Royal Proclamation of 1 January did not contain a drawn pattern or express which way the saltires should lie; they were simply "counterchanged" and the red saltire fimbriated. Nevertheless, a convention was soon established which accords most closely with the description. The flag was deliberately designed with the Irish saltire slightly depressed at the hoist end to reflect the earlier union with Scotland, giving as it were seniority to the Saint Andrew's cross.
When statically displayed, the hoist is on the observer's left. To fly the flag correctly, the white thw St Andrew is above the red of St Patrick in the upper hoist canton the quarter at the top nearest to the flag-pole.
This is whwt by the phrases wide white top and broadside up. Note that an upside-down flag must be turned over to be flown correctly, rotating it degrees will still result in an upside-down flag. The first drawn pattern for the flag was in a parallel proclamation on 1 Januaryconcerning civil naval ensigns, which drawing shows the red ensign also to what does the union jack represent used as a red jack by privateers.
As it appears in the London Gazettethe broad stripe is coes expected for three of the four quarters, but the upper left quarter shows the broad stripe below. It is often stated that a flag upside down is a form of distress signal or even a deliberate insult. In the case of the Union Flag, the difference is subtle and is easily missed by the uninformed.
It is often displayed upside whqt inadvertently—even on commercially-made hand waving flags. On 3 Februarythe BBC reported that the flag had what conference is ecu in inadvertently flown upside-down by the UK government at the signing of a trade agreement unin Chinese premier Wen Jiabao. Although the most dors ratio isother ratios exist. In this version, the innermost points of the lower left and upper right diagonals of the St Patrick's cross are cut off or truncated.
The Queen's Harbour Master's flag, like the Pilot Jack, is a flag that contains a white-bordered Union Flag that is longer than The jacks of ships flying variants of the Blue Ensign are square and have a square Union Jakc in the canton.
Early proposals for the design of the Union Jack c. On 12 Aprila new yhe to represent this regal union between England and Scotland was specified in a royal decree, according to which the flag of England a red cross on a white background, known as St George's Crossand the flag of Scotland a white saltire on a blue background, known as the saltire or St Andrew's Crosswould be joined together,  forming the flag of Great Britain and first union flag:.
By the King: Whereas, some differences hath arisen between Our subjects of South and North Britaine travelling by Seas, about the bearing of their Flagges: For the avoiding of all contentions hereafter. This royal flag how to learn french in 10 minutes, at first, to be used only at sea on civil and military ships of both England and Scotland, whereas land forces continued to use their respective national banners.
It was then adopted by land forces as well, although the blue field used on land-based versions more closely resembled tepresent of the blue of the flag of Scotland. Various shades of blue have been used in the saltire over what year did professional basketball start years. The ground of the current Union Flag is a deep " navy " blue Pantonewhich can be traced to the colour used for the Blue Ensign of the Royal Navy 's historic "Blue Squadron".
Dark shades of colour were used on maritime flags on the basis of durability. In a committee of the Scottish Parliament recommended that the flag of Scotland use a lighter " royal " blue Pantone the Office of the Lord Lyon does not detail specific shades of colour for use in heraldry.
A thin white stripe, or fimbriationseparates the red cross from the blue field, in accordance with heraldry's rule of tincture where colours like red and blue must be separated from each other by metals like white, i. The blazon for the old union flag, to be compared with the current flag, is azure, the cross saltire of St Andrew argent surmounted by the Cross of St George gules, fimbriated of the second.
The Kingdom of Irelandwhich had existed as a personal union with England sincewas unrepresented in the original versions of the Union Jack. These were removed at the Restorationbecause Charles II disliked them. The original flag appears in the canton of the Commissioners' Ths of the Northern Lighthouse Board.
This is the only contemporary official representation of the pre Union Jack in the United Kingdom  and can be seen flying from their George Street headquarters in Edinburgh. The actual flag, preserved in the National Maritime Museumis a cruder approximation of the proper specifications; this was common in 18th and early 19th century flags.
How to replace electric cooktop the plaque it is referred to as the "Jack of Queen Anne". This is not the equivalent of the ensigns of the other armed services but is used at recruiting and military or sporting events, when the army needs to be identified but the reverence and ceremony due to the regimental flags and the Union Jack would be inappropriate.
Various other designs for a common flag were drawn up following the union of the two Crowns inbut were rarely, if ever, used. A dofs wooden ceiling boss from Linlithgow Palacedated to aboutdepicts the Scottish royal unicorn holding a flag where a blue Saltire surmounts the red cross of St. In objecting to the design of the Union Flag adopted inwhereby the cross of Saint George surmounted that of Saint Andrew, a group of Scots took up the matter with John Erskine, 19th Earl of Marand were encouraged by him to send a letter of complaint to Jwck VI, via the Privy Council of Scotlandwhich stated that the flag's design " will breid how computer hardware and software work together heit and miscontentment betwix your Majesties subjectis, and it is to be feirit that some inconvenientis sail fall oute betwix thame, for our seyfaring men cannot be inducit to resave that flage as it is set down ".
There is reason to think that cloth flags of this design were employed during the 17th century thd unofficial use on Scottish vessels at sea. On land, evidence confirming what does left wing and right wing mean use of this flag appears in the depiction of Edinburgh Castle by John Slezerin his series of engravings entitled Theatrum Scotiaec.
Appearing in later editions of Theatrum Scotiaethe North East View of Edinburgh Castle engraving depicts the Scotch to use the appropriate adjective of that period version of the Union Flag flying from the Palace block of the Castle. On 17 Apriljust two weeks prior to the Acts of Union coming into effect, and with Sir Henry St George, the youngerthe Garter King of Armshaving presented several designs of flag to Queen Anne and her Privy Council for consideration, the flag for the soon to be unified Kingdom of Great Britain was chosen.
At the suggestion of the Scots representatives, the designs for consideration umion that version of Union Jack showing the Cross of Saint Andrew uppermost; identified as being the " Scotts union flagg as said to be used by the Scotts ". A manuscript compiled in by William Fox and in possession of the Flag Research Center includes a full plate showing " the scoth [ sic ] union " flag.
This could imply that there was still some use of a Scottish variant before the addition of the cross of St Patrick to the Union Flag in The new design added a red saltirethe cross of Saint Patrickfor Ireland.
The Union Jack Is a Combination of the Flags of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Apr 02, · The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the flag of the United Kingdom. The Union Jack has been in existence since , when England and Scotland merged, but changed to its current form in when Ireland joined the United Kingdom Why the Three Crosses? Apr 15, · Initially the Union Flag was called a jack only when it was flown at the bowsprit of British naval vessels, but it was commonly called the Union Jack by the late 17th century; now, either name is acceptable. The flag is flown on land for government and military purposes, and at sea it serves as a flag for the Royal Navy. During our research, we were intrigued by the manner in which the Union Jack represents the four countries of the United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The current version of the Union Jack is the combination of three different flags.
Few flags are as recognizable as the Union Jack, the national flag of the United Kingdom. During our research, we were intrigued by the manner in which the Union Jack represents the four countries of the United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
The current version of the Union Jack is the combination of three different flags. As you might guess, these flags have roots in the countries that comprise the United Kingdom. England contributed St. However, St. It was originally the flag of the Genoa republic, then it was adopted by crusaders, then England. The first official English use occurred in the thirteenth century, when English soldiers wore it for identification.
Eventually, St. It became the flag of England, and a core component of the Union Jack. Here's what it looks like:. Scotland also contributed a patron-saint flag to the Union Jack. It honors their patron saint, Saint Andrew. As the legend goes, St. Andrew was crucified on an X-shaped cross. Over time, iconography developed to show the apostle on the cross, to commemorate his martyrdom.
The year saw the Union of the Crowns, the event that brought Scotland and England together. When this went down, a combined British flag was created. This flag—the flag of Great Britain—is the predecessor to the modern Union Jack. This is what it looked like:. The third component of the Union Jack is owed to Ireland.
Their contribution, the Cross of Saint Patrick, is also a patron-saint flag. This resulted in a change to the flag of Great Britain: the cross of Saint Patrick was added to the existing flag of Great Britain, and the Union Jack was created.
But what about Wales? The United Kingdom has four countries, but only three are represented on the Union Jack. However, when the first flag of Great Britain was developed, Wales was already part of England. Because of this, it has no special representation in the Union Jack.
Both the Union Jack and its individual components are steeped in rich history. Many of the military successes of the American Revolution were brought about by a man who was christened the title of General, yet, he h Before , the United States Army was the only branch of the military without an official flag to decorate it.
In , the Secretary In recent news, both the Gadsden Flag and the Pledge of Allegiance, two bol My Cart. Here's what it looks like: Scotland also contributed a patron-saint flag to the Union Jack. This is what it looked like: The third component of the Union Jack is owed to Ireland.