Constitutional Law and History Research Guide
Jan 04, · All state constitutions, bar those of New York and Virginia, determined that only Protestants could hold public office. Many of the state constitutions also placed property qualifications on the franchise (in other words, only those who owned a minimum amount of property were entitled to vote). Apr 03, · Each state has its own constitution by which it is governed. S tate constitutions vary in length and scope and, unlike the federal Constitution, they are broader in scope and are amended more frequently. A ccording to the NBER /University of Maryland State Constitution Project, t here have been almost state constitutions; they have been amended roughly 12, datingescortusa.com: Jennifer Krombach.
There are many features that are universally found among all the constitutions of each state in the United States. Besides how to build a mare motel similarities, there are also some differences found among each of the state constitutions.
Here you will be able to compare some of the similarities and differences. These are many of the features as are found universally by all state legislatures. Of course, all states have different constitutions, some of which are shorter, and have less features and regulations, and some of which are longer, and carry far more thw and regulations than other states. States will have these basic features within their constitutions, and many more, many of which are different in each state.
What are some of the variations in the whxt features of the constitutions of different states? The norm for most states is usually between 10, and 50, words for their constitutions. The oldest of these is the constitution of Massachusetts, which has been serving the state since Constitution, provislons well.
Among the states with the most constitutions being adopted are Alabama 6Florida 6Georgia 10Louisiana 11South Carolina 7and Virginia 6. The state of Indiana, in the midwest, has had two constitutions ratified, one inwhen it first became a state, and a replacement in The highest number of initiatives has been voted on in Oregon, North Dakota, Washington, Colorado, Arizona, Montana, and Michigan, although the state with more initiatives having been voted on than any other state, what were the basic provisions of early state constitutions it the leader in the initiative world, is California, where it has, on average, around 12 initiatives on its ballot each time voting day rolls around.
The recall vote, which allows voters to recall an elected official, is available in only 16 states, and is used if the voters think an elected official is incompetent, not provisiions their job properly, is following a different plan than they promised the people who voted them into office, or is found to be corrupt. Another variation found in state constitutions is how they allocate some of their power to local governments, including the formation and governance of counties, townships, cities and towns, and so forth.
In some states the state government has more centralized power, whereas in other states a good deal of power constitutuons allocated to smaller, more local governments. Home rule, which allows localities to create effective laws without interference of state legislatures, is available in a little more than half the states. Besides the popular initiative as a means of bringing about a constitutional change in states, there is also a few other means at our disposal as well.
The state legislature can propose a change to the state constitution, and have that proposal voted upon. In some states consideration has to be passed by both houses to get voted on, whereas in others it does not.
As you can see, there are some similarities that are found in all of the state constitutions, such as a state bill of rights and separation of powers, and there are many differences between state constitutions, such as referendums, initiatives, recall votes and the ability how to update microsoft office 2007 have constitutional commissions.
The United States truly has 50 different experiments going on when it comes to constitutional law - over time we will continue to learn more about what works well and what doesn't, and states will continue to evolve, adapt or change their constitutions for the better, based on these learnings.
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Differences in State Constitutions
constitutions. As early as May 10, , Congress had passed a resolution advising the colonies to form new governments "such as shall best conduce to the happiness and safety of their constituents." Some of them had already done so, and within a year. What basic ideas about rights were included in state constitutions? (Video) State constitutions structured to protect rights; state governments structured to protect rights; Virginia Declaration of Rights - men equally free by nature, certain rights inherent, government has positive duty to foster attainment of rights, popular sovereignty, government responsible for protection and security. These state privacy provisions were ratified in two separate eras, taking three basic forms. The first ones appeared in the Washington and Arizona constitutions during the Progressive movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Each state has its own constitution by which it is governed. S tate constitutions vary in length and scope and, unlike the federal Constitution, they are broader in scope and are amended more frequently. State constitutions can provide additional protections and rights not found in federal law; however, they cannot deprive a state's residents of their federal constitutional rights.
State constitutional research is similar to federal constitutional research. The following resources are recommended as a starting point. The statutory codes for each state contain the text of the current constitution and most states provide online access to its constitution on their websites. Please see our Research Guides by Jurisdiction for more information.
Constitutions of the United States, National and State 2d ed. This source does not provide case annotations or commentary, though it may be useful in comparing provisions between states. The series, Reference Guides To The State Constitutions Of The United States , covers more than 40 states and provides a summary of each state's constitutional history as well as a detailed analysis of the constitution, judicial interpretations, and references to books, articles, and other commentary on the constitutions.
Many states have had constitutional conventions and the proceedings of these conventions may be helpful in determining the intent or meaning of its provisions.
State Constitutional Conventions, Commissions, and Amendments contains materials published for all fifty states available in print.
This source provides resources for territorial and initial state constitutions. Sources and Documents of United States Constitutions available in print , is a multivolume set that provides constitutional documents in chronological order for each state, including notes, editorial comments, bibliographies and indexes.
Constitutional conventions -- Pennsylvania [State]. Constitutional convention e. Constitutional Convention. Georgetown Law Library Guides U. Search this Guide Search. Constitutional Law and History Research Guide This guide covers sources that are useful for researching Constitutional law and Constitutional history. State Constitutional Text.
State Constitutional History. Introduction Each state has its own constitution by which it is governed. State Constitutional Text The statutory codes for each state contain the text of the current constitution and most states provide online access to its constitution on their websites. State Constitutional History Many states have had constitutional conventions and the proceedings of these conventions may be helpful in determining the intent or meaning of its provisions. For additional resources on state constitutional research, use the following subject headings: Constitutional amendments -- United States -- States Constitutional conventions -- United States -- States Constitutions, States -- United States Constitutional conventions -- [State] e.
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