History of the modern Summer Games
The Athens Summer Olympic Games (April ) marked the birth of the Modern Olympics. Find videos, photos, results, medals, gold medalists & athletes. History of the modern Summer Games Athens, Greece, The inaugural Games of the modern Olympics were attended by as many as athletes, all male, coming from 12 countries. The athletes competed in 43 events covering athletics (track and field), cycling, swimming, gymnastics, weightlifting, wrestling, fencing, shooting, and tennis. A festive atmosphere prevailed as foreign athletes were .
Although the modern Olympics were first held in in Athens, there were many more Olympic games held earlier referred to as the Ancient Olympics. The main sport was mainly a foot race. The number of events has wgat increased dramatically from the initial 43, with only 14 countries taking part in the games gamess over events in 15 sports.
The initial participants have also increased to thousands of tsart male and female athletes. The first committee to manage the Olympics was formed in Greece since it was the place where the first ever Olympic event was held. Olympics began as a religious festival to appraise the gods back in the year BC. They were held in the land known how to plan a trip to walt disney world Olympia where various worship ceremonies were held in combination with some sports.
The temple of a god known as Zeus was built in the Olympia town overlooking the natural and magnificent Olympia Valley. During the games, the participants displayed a combination of physical and spiritual character. It was mainly a one-day event that was held at the same venue at an interval of four years.
During the first year of the games, various beliefs have been documented. Some are that Zeus, a god, and the founder of the human race, was to be appeased. The people had greatly believed in him as the god that made people and animals fertile as well as give victory to the people whenever they went to war.
Any male citizen could participate without being eliminated what is die cast cookware to social, political, or economic class. Only single women were allowed to join in as married women were supposed to be taking care of their what is happening in milwaukee. The main sports that were acceptable were mainly related to day to day activities in Ancient Greece.
These involved sports developed and related to warfare such as throwing a spear, jumping up or along, plus any activity that required physical skills and stamina like track events such as running long and short races. Fist fighting, currently known as boxing, was also introduced. Racing fid horses and modern day wrestling was also included. Notable participants were Astylos of Croton who won in six events, Leonidas of Rhodes who won a number of races, and Melankomas of Caria who won the boxing title.
Any person who won in an event was given leaves from a palm tree as a crown. The spectators threw beautiful flowers and olive branches to the winner. The closing ceremony was held inside Zeus place of worship. As time went by the games included more nations and a wider range of sporting events such as moderb, swimming, chariot racing, marathon, and shooting.
The modern Olympics, first held in April in Athens, saw the winners awarded with gold, bronze, and silver. Greece being the host won the highest number of medals and also the most admirable trophy in the marathon. Seven stadia were used but most of the activities took place in Panathenaic stadium. John Misachi November 13 in World Facts. Southeast Asian Countries. Commonwealth Of Independent States.
Apr 06, · The first modern Olympic Games began years ago. on April 6, in Athens, Greece. The day event was officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad. and included athletes from 14 countries competing in 43 events. An American named James Connolly became the first Olympic champion of the modern Games. Jan 30, · Yet the first Olympic Games for which we still have written records were held in BCE (though it is generally believed that the Games had been going on for many years already). At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus (a cook from Elis), won the sole event at the Olympics, the stade - a run of approximately meters ( yards).
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics French : Jeux olympiques   are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than nations participating. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games.
Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with disabilities, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games Pan American , African , Asian , European , and Pacific , and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The IOC has needed to adapt to a variety of economic, political, and technological advancements. The abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism , as envisioned by Coubertin, to the acceptance of professional athletes participating at the Games.
The growing importance of mass media has created the issue of corporate sponsorship and general commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the , , and Olympics; large-scale boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the and Olympics;  and the Olympics were postponed until as a result of the COVID pandemic.
As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, and organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter. The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch , as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. Over 14, athletes competed at the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics combined, in 35 different sports and over events.
The Games have grown so much that nearly every nation is now represented. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies , including boycotts , doping , bribery, and a terrorist attack in Every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame.
The Games also constitute an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world. The Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic festivals held every four years at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. Competition was among representatives of several city-states and kingdoms of Ancient Greece. These Games featured mainly athletic but also combat sports such as wrestling and the pankration , horse and chariot racing events.
It has been widely written that during the Games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the Games were finished. This cessation of hostilities was known as the Olympic peace or truce. The truce did allow those religious pilgrims who were travelling to Olympia to pass through warring territories unmolested because they were protected by Zeus.
The most widely accepted inception date for the Ancient Olympics is BC; this is based on inscriptions, found at Olympia, listing the winners of a footrace held every four years starting in BC. The Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honouring both Zeus whose famous statue by Phidias stood in his temple at Olympia and Pelops , divine hero and mythical king of Olympia.
Pelops was famous for his chariot race with King Oenomaus of Pisatis. The Olympic Games reached the height of their success in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but then gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Greece. While there is no scholarly consensus as to when the Games officially ended, the most commonly held date is AD, when the emperor Theodosius I decreed that all pagan cults and practices be eliminated.
Various uses of the term "Olympic" to describe athletic events in the modern era have been documented since the 17th century. It was first organised by the lawyer Robert Dover between and , with several later celebrations leading up to the present day. The British Olympic Association , in its bid for the Olympic Games in London, mentioned these games as "the first stirrings of Britain's Olympic beginnings". The Games also marked the introduction of the metric system into sport.
At most 25, spectators saw the games. In , Brookes changed the name to the Wenlock Olympian Games. This annual sports festival continues to this day. Between and , Liverpool held an annual Grand Olympic Festival. Devised by John Hulley and Charles Melly, these games were the first to be wholly amateur in nature and international in outlook, although only 'gentlemen amateurs' could compete. Its articles of foundation provided the framework for the International Olympic Charter. It was first proposed by poet and newspaper editor Panagiotis Soutsos in his poem " Dialogue of the Dead ", published in Athletes participated from Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
Zappas funded the restoration of the ancient Panathenaic Stadium so that it could host all future Olympic Games. The stadium hosted Olympics in and This meeting was held from 16 to 23 June , at the University of Paris. On the last day of the Congress, it was decided that the first Olympic Games to come under the auspices of the IOC would take place in Athens in The Games brought together 14 nations and athletes who competed in 43 events.
This trust was used to help finance the Games. Greek officials and the public were enthusiastic about the experience of hosting an Olympic Games. This feeling was shared by many of the athletes, who even demanded that Athens be the permanent Olympic host city. The IOC intended for subsequent Games to be rotated to various host cities around the world. The second Olympics was held in Paris. After the success of the Games, the Olympics entered a period of stagnation which threatened its survival.
Louis in were little more than side shows. This period in Olympic history was a low point for the Olympic Movement. These Games attracted a broad international field of participants and generated a great deal of public interest, marking the beginning of a rise in both the popularity and the size of the Olympics.
The Games were officially recognised by the IOC at the time although not any longer , and no Intercalated Games have been held since. The Winter Olympics was created to feature snow and ice sports that were logistically impossible to hold during the Summer Games.
Figure skating in and and ice hockey in were featured as Olympic events at the Summer Olympics. The IOC desired to expand this list of sports to encompass other winter activities. At the Olympic Congress in Lausanne , it was decided to hold a winter version of the Olympic Games.
A winter sports week it was actually 11 days was held in in Chamonix , France, in connection with the Paris Games held three months later; this event became the first Winter Olympic Games. The IOC mandated that the Winter Games be celebrated every four years in the same year as their summer counterpart.
In , Sir Ludwig Guttmann , determined to promote the rehabilitation of soldiers after World War II , organised a multi-sport event between several hospitals to coincide with the London Olympics. Originally known as the Stoke Mandeville Games , Guttmann's event became an annual sports festival. Over the next 12 years, Guttmann and others continued their efforts to use sports as an avenue to healing. In , Guttmann brought athletes to Rome to compete in the "Parallel Olympics", which ran in parallel with the Summer Olympics and came to be known as the first Paralympics.
Since then, the Paralympics have been held in every Olympic year and, starting with the Summer Games in Seoul, the host city for the Olympics has also played host to the Paralympics.
We want to change public attitudes towards disability, celebrate the excellence of Paralympic sport and to enshrine from the very outset that the two Games are an integrated whole. In , the Olympic Games were complemented by the Youth Games, which give athletes between the ages of 14 and 18 the chance to compete. The Summer Olympics have grown from participants representing 14 nations in , to more than 11, competitors representing nations in Most of the athletes and officials are housed in the Olympic Village for the duration of the Games.
This accommodation centre is designed to be a self-contained home for all Olympic participants, and is furnished with cafeterias, health clinics, and locations for religious expression. These do not meet the strict requirements for political sovereignty that other international organisations demand. As a result, colonies and dependencies are permitted to compete at Olympic Games, examples being territories such as Puerto Rico , Bermuda , and Hong Kong , all of which compete as separate nations despite being legally a part of another country.
This does not include wider infrastructure costs like roads, urban rail, and airports, which often cost as much or more than the sports-related costs. Where ambitious construction for the games in Montreal and games in Moscow had saddled organisers with expenses greatly in excess of revenues, host Los Angeles strictly controlled expenses by using existing facilities that were paid for by corporate sponsors.
The Olympic Committee led by Peter Ueberroth used some of the profits to endow the LA84 Foundation to promote youth sports in Southern California, educate coaches and maintain a sports library.
The Summer Olympics are often considered the most financially successful modern Olympics and a model for future Games. Budget overruns are common for the Games.
It has been documented that cost and cost overrun for the Games follow a power-law distribution , which means that, first, the Games are prone to large cost overruns and, second, it is only a matter of time until an overrun occurs that is larger than the largest to date. In short, hosting the Games is economically and financially extremely risky. Many economists are sceptical about the economic benefits of hosting the Olympic Games, emphasising that such "mega-events" often have large costs while yielding relatively few tangible benefits in the long run.
This positive effect begins in the years leading up to the Games and might persist for several years afterwards, although not permanently. This finding suggests that hosting the Olympics might create opportunities for cities to influence local corporations in ways that benefit the local nonprofit sector and civil society.
The Games have also had significant negative effects on host communities; for example, the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions reports that the Olympics displaced more than two million people over two decades, often disproportionately affecting disadvantaged groups.
According to a report by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development that was released at the time of the games, this cost will not boost Russia's national economy, but may attract business to Sochi and the southern Krasnodar region of Russia in the future as a result of improved services. Thus in July , The Guardian stated that the biggest threat to the future of the Olympics is that very few cities want to host them. The Olympic Movement encompasses a large number of national and international sporting organisations and federations, recognised media partners, as well as athletes, officials, judges, and every other person and institution that agrees to abide by the rules of the Olympic Charter.
French and English are the official languages of the Olympic Movement. The other language used at each Olympic Games is the language of the host country or languages, if a country has more than one official language apart from French or English. Every proclamation such as the announcement of each country during the parade of nations in the opening ceremony is spoken in these three or more languages, or the main two depending on whether the host country is an English or French speaking country: French is always spoken first, followed by an English translation, and then the dominant language of the host nation when this is not English or French.
The IOC has often been accused of being an intractable organisation, with several life members on the committee. Brundage fought strongly for amateurism and against the commercialisation of the Olympic Games, even as these attitudes came to be seen as incongruous with the realities of modern sports.
The advent of state-sponsored athletes from the Eastern Bloc countries further eroded the ideology of the pure amateur , as it placed self-financed amateurs of Western countries at a disadvantage. In , it was reported that several IOC members had taken gifts from members of the Salt Lake City bid committee for the hosting of the Winter Olympics.
Although nothing strictly illegal had occurred, it was felt that the acceptance of the gifts was morally dubious. As a result of the investigation, ten members of the IOC were expelled and a further ten sanctioned. Additionally, new term and age limits were put into place for IOC membership, and fifteen former Olympic athletes were added to the committee.
Nevertheless, from sporting and business standpoints, the Olympics were one of the most successful Winter Games in history; records were set in both the broadcasting and marketing programs.
Over 2 billion viewers watched more than 13 billion viewer-hours. This excess revenue was used to create the Utah Athletic Foundation also known as the Utah Olympic Legacy Foundation , which maintains and operates many of the surviving Olympic venues.